National Symbol of Bhutan

National flag

The national flag is rectangular and divided diagonally into two parts with a white dragon in the middle. The upper yellow half signifies the country’s secular authority of the king in fruitful action in the affairs of religion and state craft. The lower saffron-orange half signifies the religious practices and the spiritual power of Buddhism manifested in the Drukpa Kargyu and Nyingma traditions.

The dragon symbolizes the name of the country, locally known as Druk Yul (land of Thunder Dragon) and its white colour signifies purity and loyalty of the Bhutanese people. The snarling mouth of the dragon expresses the strength of the male and female deities protecting Bhutan, while the jewels in its claws represent the wealth, prosperity and perfection of the country and the people.

National Emblem

The national emblem, contained in a circle, comprises a double diamond thunder bolts placed on a lotus, surmounted by jewels and framed by two dragons. The diamond thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power, which reflects Buddhist religion in its Vajrayana form. The lotus symbolizes purity; jewel – sovereign power; and the dragons – male and female – stand for the name of the country, Thunder Dragon (Druk Yul).

National Day

The National Day is celebrated on 17 December in commemoration of the accesion of Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuck, the first king of Bhutan to the throne giving birth to hereditory monarchy.


Bhutan is ethnically and linguistically diverse. The major group include the Tshanglalo-speaking Sharchhop in the east, Dzongkha-speaking Ngalong in the west and Lhotshampa-speaking Lhotshampa in the south. There are a number of smaller groups such the Bumthaps in Bumthng, Mangduep in the centre, Layap in the north-west, Brokpa in the north-east and Doyaps in the south-west.


The national sport of Bhutan is archery. Other traditional sports include deogor – a kind of shot-put, darts and wrestling. International sports such as soccer (football) basket ball, tennis and table tennis are also popular.


Bhutan’s architecture is unique and can be found richly displayed in fortress-like religious and administrative centres called dzongs and temples.


Ngultrum, the currency of Bhutan, has the same value as the Indian rupee, which is also a legal tender. One US $ is equivalent to 60 ngultrum(check?) but it varies according to the international exchange rate from time to time.


The staple diet is rice, buckwheat, wheat, maize, pork, beef, chicken, yak meat and cheese and chillis which are taken as vegetable and not as a spice.


Bhutanese men wear gho, which is a longish robe tied around the waisted by a cloth belt, called kera. The women’s ankle-length dress, kira, is made of brightly coloured women fabric with traditional patterns. The kira is fastened at the shoulders with komas.

National animal:                         Takin (Budocras Taxicolor)

National tree:                             Cypress (Cupressus Sempervirens)

National flower:                         Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis)

National bird:                              Raven (Corvus Corax Tibetanus)

Testimonials Sometimes a packaged holiday comes so much with a predefined set of takeaways, but The Destination Bhutan offered so much freedom of choice that it did not feel like a packaged holiday at all.

KH Zaman
Buffalo, New York

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