Bhutan is a landlocked country with limited latitude. Even then the range of altitudes it posses is outstanding. It varies from Greater Himalayan peaks of over 7000m in the north to fertile valleys and foothills that are hardly a few hundred meters in the south.


If we exclude a few nomadic settlements, the majority of population live in the valleys of Punatsangchhu, Wangchhu, Kurichhu and Mangdechhu rivers. Most of the industries are located in the south away from the himalayas in the semi-tropical grasslands. A mere 7% of people practice cultivation while the majority of population almost 70% is dependent on Agriculture as their source of income.


Just like the altitude, the temperature in Bhutan also varies to a great extent. There are snow covered mountains in the North to Eastern European weather in the central. Here winters generally lasts till March whereas they start in early November. However, in the valley regions of Wangduephodrang and Punakha, the winter are mild and summers comparatively hot. However the southern Bhutan experiences a subtropical hot and humid climate.


In Bhutan, almost 72% of the total landmass is covered by permanent forest while its constitution mandates 60% of the total landmass to be under forest cover all the time. Out of the total landmass Bhutan government has declared 26% of the area under protected forest. It means cutting wood in this area is completely prohibited. It is therefore, one of the 10 hotspots of the Word.

Reserved Forests

There are a total of 11 parks , natural reserve, sanctuaries and biological corridors in Bhutan which is under the Royal government’s protection. It covers almost 35% of the total landmass of Bhutan.

Mentioned below are 6 of those wildlife and sanctuaries:
Centennial Wangchuck Park

  • It is a pristine natural forest covering 4,914 sq. km. It is connected with Jigme Dorji National Park in the west, Bomdelling Wildlife Sanctuary in the east. and other biological corridors in the south.

TrumshingLa National Park

  • It is situated in the heart of Bhutan covering 905 sq. km, and mostly constitutes of alpine and subtropical broadleaf.

Royal Manas National Park

  • It is Bhutan’s crown jewel and consists of a wide variety of flora and fauna.

Jigme Dorji National Park

  • It is the second largest biological reserve with eastern himalayas at it’s top. It covers an area of biologically rich 4,316 sq. km.

Bomdeling Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Located in North eastern Bhutan , it covers a total area of 1,521 sq. km with 420 sq. km as buffer zone.

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Located in Eastern Bhutan , it covers a total area of 741 sq. km.

Testimonials Sometimes a packaged holiday comes so much with a predefined set of takeaways, but The Destination Bhutan offered so much freedom of choice that it did not feel like a packaged holiday at all.

KH Zaman
Buffalo, New York

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